Attitudes towards doping in Spanish competitive female Cyclists vs. Triathletes

Authors

  • Jaime Morente-Sánchez Faculty of Sport Sciences. University of Granada
  • Mayte Leruite Faculty of Sport Sciences. University of Granada
  • Manuel Mateo-March Faculty Miguel Hernández. University of Elche Spanish Cycling Federation. Madrid
  • Mikel Zabala Faculty of Sport Sciences. University of Granada Spanish Cycling Federation. Madrid

Keywords:

doping prevention, female, competitive athletes, cycling, triathlon

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to know and compare the attitudes towards doping in Spanish competitive female cyclists and triathletes. All the female cyclists and triathletes who competed (U23 and elite) under license in Spain in 2012 (n = 206; 29.62±8.70 years) in the highest national competitions level comprised the sample. The total sample was divided into two: cyclists (n = 80; 28.86±9.64 years), and triathletes (n = 126; 30.10±8.06 years). Descriptive design was carried out using a validated questionnaire (Performance Enhancement Attitude Scale: PEAS). Complementary, four top-level athletes of each group were interviewed. Regarding results from PEAS, for the whole sample, overall score (17-102) was 34.02±12.74. Regarding different groups, data were: cyclists: 36.63±14.27; and triathletes: 32.37±11.41 (p=0.032). Regarding semi-structured interviews (n = 8). The most mentioned word associated with doping was “cheating” (% n: 62.5). As responsible agents of doping was the word “coach/manager” (% n: 75.0) and the main reason for the initiation in doping was “sport achievement” and “Contract/Money” (% n: 75.0). This study shows that Spanish competitive female cyclists and triathletes, in general, are not tolerant in relation to doping. Nevertheless, competitive female cyclists are significantly more permissive towards the use of banned substances than female triathletes. Results from semi-structured interviews have shown interesting data in specific open-ended questions. The current findings may contribute to the development of anti-doping prevention programmes and interventions in an appropriate and effective manner, which could be the key to better fight the battle against doping in sport.

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Author Biography

Manuel Mateo-March, Faculty Miguel Hernández. University of Elche Spanish Cycling Federation. Madrid

Lecturer in the module Driving groups in the natural environment riding mountain bikes (TCAF) in the La Creueta institute of Onil. Coach of the Spanish BMX national team (Spanish Cycling Federation). BMX Team Manager of Valencian Cycling Federation (Valencia, Spain). Author of different scientific papers about cycling and training. Master level in High Performance Sport. Sports management at Energy Sistem BMX Team. Sports manager at San Vicente BMX Club. Coach of different international pro cyclists. UCI Level Cycling Manager. Former BMX rider, now master 30 cyclist.

Published

2013-12-31

How to Cite

Morente-Sánchez, J., Leruite, M., Mateo-March, M., & Zabala, M. (2013). Attitudes towards doping in Spanish competitive female Cyclists vs. Triathletes. Journal of Science and Cycling, 2(2), 40-48. Retrieved from https://jsc-journal.com/index.php/JSC/article/view/49

Issue

Section

Original articles