The Compound Score in elite road cycling


  • Peter Leo University of Innsbruck, Sports Science Department
  • James Spragg University of Cape Town HPALS Research Center
  • John Wakefield UAE Team Emirates and Science to Sport
  • Jeroen Swart University of Cape Town HPALS Research Center


power output, body mass, competition, scaling


Elite road cycling is characterized by racing over varied terrain, ranging from flat races to extremely mountainous terrain. Researchers have frequently attempted to quantify the performance characteristics of cyclists to predict race success based on external and internal load metrics including power output, heart rate and speed. Recent research reported a strong relationship between the power profile and race performance. However, to date, there is still an ongoing debate whether absolute power output; a mass exponent, or relative power; power output normalized to body mass, is more advantageous. For this reason, the current study used both absolute and relative power output to calculate a compound score to investigate its predictive ability for race performance.


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How to Cite

Leo, P., Spragg, J., Wakefield, J., & Swart, J. (2022). The Compound Score in elite road cycling. Journal of Science and Cycling, 11(2). Retrieved from

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