Influence of Absolute versus relative L-arginine Dosage on 1 km and 16.1 km time trial performance in trained cyclists.
Keywords:Physiology, Performance, Nutrition, Supplementation
This investigation aimed to determine the effects of L-arginine supplementation on cycling time trial (TT) performance. Eight trained male cyclists performed 1 and 16.1km time trials on three occasions, control (CON), absolute (ABS) and relative (REL) loading. Participants consumed 500ml of water with either 6g (ABS), 0.15 g·kg-1 body mass (REL) of L-arginine or water (CON) 90min prior to testing. Time to completion, mean power output (Wmean) and post-exercise lactate (La) were recorded for each TT. Time to completion decreased non-significantly for 1 and 16.1km TT’s during ABS and REL trials compared to CON. Wmean was significantly different between CON and REL during 16.1 km TT (196.19 ± 32.40W and 215.81 ± 31.56W). Blood lactates was significantly different between CON and ABS for the 1 km TT (p = 0.04) (13.59 ± 1.21 mmol·L-1 and 12.38 ± 0.70 mmol·L-1, respectively) and between CON and ABS (p = 0.04) (9.11 ± 2.91mmol·L-1 and 7.64 ± 3.01mmol·L-1, respectively) and CON and REL (9.11 ± 2.91mmol·L-1 and 7.15 ± 2.96mmol·L-1, respectively) for 16.1km TT. These results indicate L-arginine supplementation does not significantly improve cycling TT performance, though there was a trend towards reduced time to completion and increased mean power output, and that relative doses appear more effective than absolute doses.
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