Literature Review: Kinematics of the BMX SX Gate Start
Keywords:cycling, kinematics, bicycle motor cross,
The aim of this literature review was to identify the depth and scope of peer reviewed literature on rider kinematics of the Bicycle Motocross Supercross (BMX SX) gate start action, in particular literature that describes the optimal BMX SX gate start technique or relates to the prescription of training methods to improve performance. A pilot search was conducted to identify the optimal databases to use. Key search terms and inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied to select the articles of relevance which were then critically analysed using the Quality Assessment Tool for Observational and Cross-Sectional Studies. Two studies were retained for review. Both the studies were limited by number of participants and methodological rigour and scored poorly on the Quality Assessment Tool for Observational and Cross-Sectional Studies. No studies were found that correlated kinematic measures from the gate start action to gate start performance outcome. A secondary aim was to investigate the tactical importance of the gate start, power generation at the start of a BMX race and skill acquisition. Literature reported discrepancies between field and laboratory results which demonstrates the importance of ecologically valid research methodology. Despite evidence that the gate start is a critical component of the race with direct implications for race outcome, this review of the literature identified very limited research in the area of BMX rider kinematics of the BMX SX gate.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2017 Journal of Science and Cycling
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Authors contributing to Journal of Science and Cycling agree to publish their articles under a Creative Commons CC-BY 4.0 license, allowing third parties to copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format, and to remix, transform, and build upon the material, for any purpose, even commercially, under the condition that appropriate credit is given, that a link to the license is provided, and that you indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.
Authors retain copyright of their work, with first publication rights granted to Cycling Research Center
Authors reatin copyright of their work. The Effect of Open Access